Scanned from the collection of David Pierce

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Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from Media History Digital Library

http://www.archive.org/details/worldfilmencyclo1933clar

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•i /

Frontispiece

GRETA GARBO

M.G.M.

THE

WORLD FILM ENCYCLOPEDIA

A UNIVERSAL SCREEN GUIDE

Edited by

CLARENCE WINCHESTER

Fully Illustrated With Art Plates of Stars, Players, Studios, Scenes, Theatres and Maps.

LONDON.

The Amalgamated Press Ltd.

First Published, 1933.

Copyright by The Amalgamated Press, Lid.

Г> inted In Gtcat Britain by the Amalgamated Press, Lid., London.

3

Editor’s Preface

The purpose of The World Film Encyclopedia is to fill the long-felt need of a really comprehensive and universal film guide. The scope of cinematography has grown beyond all original conceptions, and the entertainment side is now so much a part of the daily life of the world that the possession of such a volume as this has become a necessity. That such a work should be produced was inevitable, and it has been planned definitely on broad lines to be of constant interest and ready service to the vast and ever-growing numbers of cinema patrons.

Much nonsense has been talked about films ever since films began, but even a casual glance through this book will show to the discerning reader that the whole world is very much alive to screen possibilities and that the makers of films have behind them a record of which they need not be ashamed.

That there have been bad and indifferent films it would be foolish to deny—but there have been many good ones, or the industry would long ago have suffered an ill fate, a fate that it would have deserved, if the level of screen entertainment had been consistently low. As to the future, cinema-goers themselves have it in their power to see that the quality level is maintained and improved, though everything points to the fact that producers are fully aware of what is expected of them. It is my belief that there is no limit to what they may yet achieve by inspiration and faith in their craft, and in this reflection there is cause for satisfaction.

In the industry itself there is a fine zest—the same quality that meant so much in the making of this book. Without it no undertaking can succeed. Coupled with this, no expense has been spared in the endeavour to produce a film guide that is universal in the true sense of the word. The world has been

4

Editor’s Preface

thoroughly combed for the information and contributions necessary for so complete a work, and a large and loyal staff of experts has worked incessantly to make The World Film Encyclopedia as comprehensive and accurate as it is possible to be. To all who have taken any part in this production I owe my gratitude.

I have sought to make the book not only a valuable work of reference but also a source of entertaining and instructive features, dealing with the varied aspects of films and film-making—in short, the best screen guide yet published. Reference to the list of contents and to the pages themselves will, I am sure, confirm that this ambitious ideal—formulated to meet a wide variety of tastes—has been brought within the scope of practical achievement.

A word or two about the beautiful illustrations will not be out of place. The art plates have been chosen to illustrate the text, and variety has been successfully aimed at, for I have included a number of subjects not generally found in smaller and less complete reference books. In conclusion it is safe to say that The World Film Encyclopedia is unequalled for its quality of production and the comprehensiveness of its contents, and I am confident that it will be received with pleasure and enthusiasm by those who derive recreation and profit from the great art of the cinema.

Clarence Winchester.

CONTENTS

PAGE

PREFACE ............ 3

HOW FILMS BEGAN, by Claude Friese-Greene .. 9

FILM CENSORS, by John K. Newnham .. .. 13

SECRETS OF SCREEN FASHION, by Alice

Williamson .. .. .. . . .. . . 18

THE ART OF MAKE-UP, by Max Factor . . .. 22

OVER 1,000 FILM BIOGRAPHIES . . . . 25

Players .. .. ., .. .. .. 27

Directors .. .. . . .. .. . . 182

Other Important Personalities . . .. .. 211

WAYS TO FILM SUCCESS

By Ronald Colman .. 218

,, Barbara Stanwyck 220 ,, Harold Huth .. 221

,, Gwili Andre .. 222

,, Richard Arlen .. 223

„ Molly Lamont .. 224

PLAYERS’ ADDRESSES AT A GLANCE . . 226

WHEN THEY WERE BORN ......250

PLAYERS’ BIRTHDAYS AT A GLANCE .. .. 265

PLAYERS’ REAL NAMES AT A GLANCE .. 271

PLAYERS’ MARRIAGES AT A GLANCE . . .. 276

PLAYERS’ FIRST FILMS AT A GLANCE.. .. 298

б

Contents

PAGE

W AMP AS BABIES ..........

AWARDS OF MERIT ........

500 CASTS OF FAMOUS FILMS ......

WHERE FILMS ARE MADE ......

Round Hollywood .. .. .. .. ..

Round the Studios.. .. .. .. ..

The World’s Producing Companies .. . .

THE AMATEUR CINEMA

BRITISH AMATEUR CINEMA CLUBS . . . .

BRITISH FAN CLUBS ........

HOW FILMS ARE MADE........

I. The Scenario, by J. P. Carstairs .. ..

II. Casting, by Nathalie Bucknall . . . .

III. Film Directing, by Ernst Lubitsch . .

IV. Art Direction, by O. F. Werndorff ..

V. Camera Work, by Curt Courant .. . .

VI. Sound Recording, by J. V. Maresca .. VII. Film Editing, by Otto Ludwig .. ..

VIII. Film Showing, by Reginald Crow.. . .

IX. Running A Cinema, by H. W. Crull .. MEN AND MONEY BEHIND MOVING PICTURES, By Mackenzie Winter .. . . . . . .

NEWS ON THE SCREEN, by J. Smith-Ross . . INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT FILMS . . . .

DICTIONARY OF FILM TERMS......

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS........

INDEX ..............

306

30S

3°9

377

378 38i 399

422

425

430

431

432 437 442 445 447 449 452 457 459

461

467

469

479

485

489

7

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Plate

Frontispiece Greta Garbo

Between pages Tallulah Bankhead........ i

32 and 33 George Arliss.......... 2

Constance Bennett........ 3

Jack Buchanan.......... 4

Between pages Charles Chaplin ........ 5

64 and 65 Joan Crawford.......... 6

Maurice Chevalier........ 7

Marlene Dietrich........ 8

Between pages Gracie Fields.......... 9

96 and 97 Clark Gable .......... 10

Charles Farrell and ...... 11

Janet Gaynor

Cicely Courtneidge and .. .. 12

Jack Hulbert

Between pages Ramon Novarro ........ 13

128 and 129 Lilian Harvey.......... 14

Paul Muni as “ Scarface ” .. .. 15

Ann Harding.......... 16

Between pages Douglas Fairbanks and...... 17

160 and 161 Mary Pickford

Sylvia Sidney.......... 18

Gloria Swanson ........ 19

Norma Shearer..........20

Between pages Ernst Lubitsch, with Herbert .. 21

192 and 193 Marshall and Kay Francis

Eric von Stroheim in The Lost .. 22

Squadron

King Vidor............23

Victor Saville..........24

Between pages Elissa Landi at her gate .. .. 25

224 and 225 Marie Dressler's home......26

Colleen Moore at home .. .. 27

Marian Nixon at home...... 28

List o'. Illustrations

Between pages 256 and 257

Between pages 288 and 289

Between pages 320 and 321

Between pages 352 and 353

Between pages 384 and 385

Between pages 4x6 and 4x7

Between pages 448 and 449

Between pages 480 and 481

After 512

Plate

Scene from Ben-Hur........29

Scene from Four Horsemen of the .. 30

Apocalypse

Scene from Cimarron........3X

Scene from Grand Hotel ......32

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios .. 33

Radio Pictures Studios...... 34

U.F.A. Studios..........35

Gaumont-Britisii Studios .. .. 36

(a) Mickey Mouse, (b) Cartoon artist 37 at work

M.G.M. set showing “ Sequence .. 38

Number Board ”

Lavish exterior used by Cecil B. .. 39

De Mille for The Sign of the Cross

Max Factor and Jean Harlow .. 40

Gene Raymond..........41

Jill Esmond ..........42

Fay Wray............43

Charles Ruggles ........44

Joel McCrea and Dolores Del Rio 45 Lee Tracy and Evalyn Knapp .. 46

Mae Clarke and Lew Ayres .. 47

John Barrymore and Katharine 48 Hepburn

Paramount Theatre, New York .. 49

Kammerlichtspiele, Berlin .. .. 50

Gaumont Palace, Paris......51

Granada, Tooting, London .. .. 52

Ivor Novello and Elizabeth Allan 53

Jackie Cooper..........54

Mitzi Green ..........55

Douglas Fairbanks, Jnr.....56

Hollywood and District Map .. 57

Hollywood Map ........58

Hollywood Map ........ 59

Beverly Drive, Hollywood .. 60

British Studio Map ...... 61

“ Extra ” Card..........62



The world film encyclopedia, 1933



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